alaska climate zones map

Climate - Alaska Average weather, temperature, rainfall, when to go, what to pack Alaska, the largest state of the United States with a surface of more than 1.7 million square kilometers (650,000 square miles), largely deserves its reputation of a cold land, but it has also maritime and wet areas, which are not as cold as you might think. Global patterns of change that demonstrate the human effects on climate are even more pronounced in high latitudes (Larsen et al. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! --Unknown. Click on the image above to see a larger version. 2014). [1], The climate of Western Alaska is determined largely by the Bering Sea and the Gulf of Alaska. The North Slope of Alaska has continued to warm, despite changes in the PDO. The climate patterns of Alaska are primarily influenced by latitude, continentality, and elevation. Understanding Alaska's Climate Variation. Alaska Interactive 1990 USDA Hardiness Zone Map. Even with multiple lines of evidence that Alaska is warming, interpreting temperature trends and other climatic indicators is complicated. [13], http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0930150.html, http://wrcc.dri.edu/summary/Climsmak.html, https://www.currentresults.com/Weather/Alaska/average-alaska-weather.php, Mean Annual Precipitation in Alaska-Yukon, History for Barrow, Alaska. This is also the only region in Alaska in which the average daytime high temperature is above freezing during the winter months. The temperature is somewhat moderate considering how far north the area is. Sign up for our newsletter. There are frequent, strong southeast winds known as the Knik wind in the vicinity of Palmer, especially in the winter months. An important climate pattern, evident in the relatively few long-term climate stations located in parks, is the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). Climate is a fundamental driver of ecology. VIEW BY REGION United States Alaska Great Plains Hawaii Mid-Atlantic Midwest Northeast Rocky Mountains South Southwest West The climate in Southcentral Alaska is a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc) due to its short, cool summers. Alaska’s interior, a second climatic zone, has a continental climate influenced in the winter by cold air from northern Canada and Siberia.Average temperatures in the interior range from about 45 to 75 °F (7 to 24 °C) in summer and about 20 to −10 °F (−7 to −23 °C) in winter. Whether you're looking for an Alaskan state map to plan your trip or a detailed town, national park, or trail map, look no further. The highest is 100 °F (37.8 °C) in Fort Yukon on June 27, 1915. While it does not get nearly as much rain as the southeast of Alaska, it does get more snow, although days tend to be clearer here. Climate will change in different ways, over different time scales, and at different geographical scales based on the local factors or physical conditions. The extratropical storm track runs along the Aleutian Island chain, across the Alaska Peninsula, and along the coastal area of the Gulf of Alaska which exposes these parts of the state to a large majority of the storms crossing the North Pacific. This is due in large part to its proximity to the coast. Nonlinear responses and regional variations are expected to continue to occur as the planet adjusts to global-scale change (IPCC 2013, Larsen et al. The climate in Juneau and the southeast panhandle is a mid-latitude oceanic climate (similar to Scotland, or Haida Gwaii), (Köppen Cfb) in the southern sections and a subarctic oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc) in the northern parts. As a region, Alaska has warmed more than twice as rapidly as the rest of the United States over the past 60 years, with average annual air temperature increasing by 3 °F and average winter temperature increasing by 6 °F (Chapin et al. Ice fog is a significant hazard during especially cold periods between November and March. An important climate pattern, evident in the relatively few long-term climate stations located in parks, is the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). [9] Alaska also holds the extreme US record low temperatures for every month except September and October. This map has been created to help gardeners know what kind of plants will survive in Alaska climate zones. More Information About Alaska Climate Zones – USDA Alaska Planting Zone Map. Growing zones are very important to the success of your garden. The observed warming is part of a larger trend through most of the Arctic corroborated by many independent measurements of sea ice, glaciers, permafrost, vegetation, and snow cover. Fourth National Climate Assessment, Alaska, Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy, Fourth National Climate Assessment, Alaska. The climate of Alaska is determined by average temperatures and precipitation received statewide over many years. Climate in Alaska is dynamic and nonlinear, with strong linkages to atmospheric and oceanic processes, such as the position of the polar jet stream or the frequency of El Niño events (Papineau 2001). Southwest Alaska Network, Alaska Climate Research Center Average monthly precipitation is generally highest in the autumn months, especially October, and lowest in May or June. The data and information gathered from national parks provide an important piece of the puzzle in understanding both the drivers and effects of climate change. 2014). Major mountain ranges in Alaska act as barriers to the moisture spinning off the Pacific Ocean to the south. Southeast Alaska Network The Arctic has limited incoming solar warmth in the winter and an abundance of available light in the summer. In order to figure out your specific Alaska USDA zone, match the color on the map in your area with the color on the legend. Alaska Maps. The climate in south central Alaska, with Anchorage as a typical city, is mild by Alaskan standards. Weather is the day-to-day state of the atmosphere; it has high short-term variability over days, weeks, months. Learn more about climate monitoring in Alaska’s Inventory & Monitoring Networks: Arctic Network People generally think of weather as the combination of temperature, humidity, precipitation, cloudiness, visibility, and wind. The summers can have temperatures reaching into the 90s °F (near 34 °C), while in the winter, the temperature can fall below −50 °F (−45.6 °C), and in rare cases, below −60 °F (−51.1 °C). Growing Zones On The USDA Planting Zone Map, Alabama Planting Zones – USDA Map Of Alabama Growing Zones, Arizona Planting Zones – USDA Map of Arizona Growing Zones, Arkansas Planting Zones – USDA Map of Arkansas Growing Zones, The Bountiful Garden: Bringing The Garden To Thanksgiving, Overwintering Containers And End Of Season Cleanup, Must Have Winter Shrubs – Top 7 Shrubs For Winter Interest, Enclosed Porch Garden – Indoor Gardening On The Porch. Read more articles about USDA Planting Zones. Anchorage gets a thunderstorm every few years. Monthly Summary for July 2006, "NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards Information - Alaska Weather Interesting Facts and Records", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "SD Weather History and Trivia for May: May 1", "FAQ ALASKA - Frequently Asked Questions About Alaska: Weather". Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Strategic deployment of new climate stations in Alaska’s parks provide data not heretofore available on climate patterns and extreme events, such as floods, droughts, and severe temperatures. Climate refers to long-term weather patterns of a place, often 30-year averages are used to compare weather to a location’s climate. Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy [4] North Alaska is the coldest region in Alaska.[3]. The highest and lowest recorded temperatures in Alaska are both in the Interior. Physical characteristics of a region provide a foundation that defines the parameters of the ecosystems. Precipitation increases by 10–40% when the Pacific decadal oscillation is positive. [2] Thunderstorms are fairly rare in most of Alaska, but do occur in the interior in the summer with some frequency and may cause wildfires. It is an Arctic climate (Köppen ET) with long, very cold winters and short, cool summers. Much of the warming that has occurred since the middle of the 20th century occurred in 1976 as a stepwise shift, attributed to a climatic transition from a cool to a warm phase in the PDO (Chapin et al. Climate in Alaska is dynamic and nonlinear, with strong linkages to atmospheric and oceanic processes, such as the position of the polar jet stream or the frequency of El Niño events (Papineau 2001). Some of the hottest and coldest temperatures in Alaska occur around the area near Fairbanks. On average, Anchorage receives 16 inches (410 mm) of precipitation a year, with around 75 inches (1.91 m) of snow. In addition, the climate stations provide real-time weather data, which is of immediate use to park management and park operations. 2014). If you buy plants that are not suitable for your area, you will need to provide extra protection for them when the cold weather comes. Above is the USDA Alaska planting zones map. “Climate is what you expect, weather is what you get” It is a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc) due to its short, cool summers. The climate is changing. The climate of Alaska is determined by average temperatures and precipitation received statewide over many years. The climate of the interior of Alaska is best described as extreme and is the best example of a true subarctic climate, as the highest and lowest recorded temperatures in Alaska have both occurred in the interior.

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