Is the timpani really playing in a different key? The Choir is supported in part by the National Endowment for the Arts and the Pennsylvania Council on the Arts. Orchestral Suites, BWV 1066-1069Although it is tempting to talk of the Four Orchestral Suites, it could well be the case that Bach wrote another one or two, or even ten of them. Story Story Extra videos Extra videos Credits Credits With a certain Air. Bourrée 5. Bach, [Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991]}, there are three basic types of gigues in Bach’s works: the French gigue, giga I and giga II. 94 in G; Etc. Capital letters indicate major keys; lower case indicates minor (followed by “m”, just to be sure). First, let me tell you about the title of the movement. Suites for orchestra were also called overtures, and they were an all-purpose form of entertainment, featuring some pretensions of French culture, which was the most sought-after affectation among the royals of Europe in the eighteenth century. 25, Karl Münchinger Conducts Albinoni, Pachelbel, Bach, Handel, Pachelbel: Canon/Albinoni: Adagio For Organ And Strings/Bach: Suite No.3/Vivaldi: Concerto/Gluck: Dance Of The Blesse, The Greatest Classical Collection, Vol. Subscribe to our newsletter to get performance announcements, Choir news, and updates about recordings or Bach Choir touring. 2; Sleepers, Wake, Bach: Orchestral Suites; Violin Concertos, Neues Bachisches Collegium Musicum Leipzig, Bach: Violin Concertos in A & E minor/Concerto for Two Violins/Orchestral Suite, Bach: Brandenburg Concertos; Suites for Orchestra, Bach: Orchestral Suite No. A more famous piece for strings alone from any time? Like the air, it is a binary form, with two repeated sections. This particular gigue Little and Jenne classify as an example of giga I. Air Johann Sebastian Bach probably wrote his Suite for Orchestra No 3 in D major, BWV 1068 in 1731. Composed: c. 1730 Length: c. 20 minutes Orchestration: 2 oboes, 3 trumpets, timpani, strings, and continuo First Los Angeles Philharmonic performance: August 14, 1931, Pierre Monteux conducting. 3; Toccata & Fugue, Bach: Brandenburg Concertos Nos. The gavotte traces its history back to the late 16th century, and continued as a popular courtly dance form to the end of the 18th century. The movement is sometimes called the “Air for the G string” because when it is transposed to C major the entire first violin part can be played on the G string alone; the 19th century German violinist August Wilhelm did this in his transcription of the work for violin and piano. But I find this movement fascinating for the density of material in what is a mere eighteen measures. Like the gavottes discussed above, the phrases are usually four measures in length, and often arranged in an antecedent-consequent fashion. Atypical of most bourrées, Bach in this example experiments a bit with syncopation in the second portion of the movement: It’s not exactly jazz, but this is unusual for a bourrée, where the rhythm almost never obscures the strong beats. Matthew Passion’ too was ardently and lovingly performed…”, “This is Bach at its finest. 3 ("Air on the G String") & 2, Bach: Ouvertures, BWV 1066-1069; Sinfonias, BWV 29 &146, Bach: Overtures Nos. Gavotte I is a simple binary form in D major, with a modulation to A (the dominant) at the end of the first section, and a move to b minor (the relative minor key) near the start of the second portion. Bach’s Suites (series of stylised dances) exude the style and atmosphere of the dance music written by Lully at the court of Louis the Fourteenth. 5, Bach: Orchestral Suites Nos. But the phrase which begins in m. 13 does really at m. 24, twelve measures later, at the end of the first portion (at the repeat) – thus, it is an unpredictable phrase length. © 2020 The Bach Choir of Bethlehem. Bach wrote only four of these works; it was not the sort of thing he did naturally. The well-known Corellian Air brought justifiable fame to the suite – how subtly the second violins and violas caress one another! Specialists like Joshua Rifkin even regard them as arrangements of pieces from other genres. 1, Johann Sebastian Bach: Brandenburg Concertos; Orchestral Suites; Harpsichord Concertos; The Musical Offering; Organ Recital, Johann Sebastian Bach: Orchestral Suites Nos. This recording will not disappoint.”, “…intoxicating but precise choral sound that reminds you why choruses grew this large in the first place. Like the gavotte, the bourrée was a French courtly dance. The “Domine Deus” section sported some lovely soprano voices in addition to many demanding, multi-part choruses –— some with up to eight parts. Profil / Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler, Deutsche Harmonia Mundi / DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi, Sigiswald Kuijken: The Concertos - The Accent Recordings, 2006-2016, Karl Richter Edition: Bach, Mozart, Händel, Haydn, Archiv Produktion: Analogue Recordings, 1959-1981, Bach: Brandenburgische Konzerte; Orchestersuiten; Kammermusik, Adolf Busch & Busch Quartet: The Complete Warner Recordings, Bach, Albinoni, Fasch: Suites, Concertos, Overtures, Bach: Orchestra Suite No.
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