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Originally it was known only from a single specimen collected in 1839 from an unknown location in Western Australia. It is also notable as the smallest species belonging to the Australian Chelidae family of aquatic or semi-aquatic turtles. The Western Swamp Tortoise is the most endangered tortoise or turtle species on Earth. The western swamp tortoise (Pseudemydura umbrina), also known as the western swamp turtle, is a short-necked freshwater tortoise that monotypically represents the sister taxa of all other members of the Chelodininae. The western swamp turtle, also known as the western swamp tortoise, is a short-necked freshwater turtle that is the sister taxon to all other members of the subfamily Chelodininae. The number of tortoises dropped from more than 300 in the mid-1960s to less than 50 in the mid-1980s. The Western Swamp Tortoise is one of Australia's most endangered reptiles. These tortoises are most active during the spring, when they work on increasing their fat supplies for the upcoming summer-autumn aestivation period. The Western Swamp Tortoise illustrates what a huge undertaking it is to save a species. SPECIES: Pseudemydura umbrina — Western Swamp Tortoise CLASSIFICATION: Critically endangered. These hard-shelled eggs hatch the following winter, and will grow slowly from this point onwards. Sexual maturity is reached anywhere from 11-15+ years of age. Efforts to save the Western Swamp Tortoise have been collective and ongoing for generations. 2. To find out more, please visit the DPAW website. This prehistoric piece of nature is now the most endangered reptile in Australia. • Perth Zoo currently holds 161 tortoises comprising 22 breeding males, 23 breeding females and 116 other tortoises comprising hatchlings, juveniles, subadults and non- -breeding adults. If you would like a copy of our audited financial statement please email us on fame@fame.org.au. Western Australia’s Department of Parks and Wildlife (DPAW) keeps an extensive list of threatened fauna in line with the Wildlife Conservation Act. From ... Western Swamp Tortoise Timeline. 2. It has the smallest surviving population of any Australian reptile. A Western Swamp Tortoise was recorded in a swamp at Perth Airport in September 1970. References Western Swamp Tortoise - report sightings of the tortoise. It is listed under the Western Australian Wildlife Conservation Act 1950, the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and the United Nations Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) as a critically endangered species. These hard-shelled eggs hatch the following winter, and will grow slowly from this point onwards. Conservation of the Western Swamp Tortoise Janet Durrant, Semester 2, 2013 2. Their typical diet consists of insect larvae, crustaceans, earthworms and tadpoles. Now, you’d have to be pretty lucky to come across one in the wild, as there is just one surviving wild population. The Foundation for Australia’s Most Endangered Species Ltd (FAME) is an independent, registered charity organisation, registered with the Australian Charities and Not-for-profit Commission (ACNC) and has deductible gift recipient (DGR) status.All environmental organisations with tax deductibility status are required by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 to provide the Department with statistical data for each financial year by 31 October of that year. Current Western Swamp Tortoise populations are found in two small swamp reserves in WA, but are facing habitat loss and predation from introduced species like foxes, cats, dogs and pigs. Western Swamp Tortoises lay their eggs in an underground nest, usually depositing a clutch of 3-5 eggs in November-December. The Western Swamp Tortoise has been found only in transient swamps in a 3-5 km narrow strip of the Swan Coastal Plain near Perth. In an effort to try and extend the Western Swamp Tortoise's range, populations have been translocated to Mogumber Nature Reserve and Moore River National Park. A western winter-swamp specialist As its name suggests, the western swamp tortoise lives out west, on the Swan Coastal Plain around Perth (Western Australia). OBJECTIVE: To review the present position of the western swamp tortoise (Pseudemydura umbrina) as an endangered species and significant health issues affecting efforts to save it from extinction. It has webbed toes with five claws on each foot. Unfortunately, their already small range has dwindled to a narrow strip near WA’s capital city, Perth, due to factors such as urbanisation and agriculture. They are not territorial in their behavior. Forty-two hatchlings were obtained in 2003 from eggs laid in 2002. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The family is distributed in Australia, New Guinea, parts of Indonesia, and throughout most of South America.It is a large family of turtles with a significant fossil history dating back to the Cretaceous. It is not known exactly how long a Western Swamp Tortoise can live for given ideal conditions, however estimates reach to 60+ years. Since then intensive habitat management, captive breedingand translocations have increased the number to around 200. These tortoises are mainly solitary creatures and do not really interact with each other. The western swamp tortoise is Australia’s most endangered reptile. 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