catherine de medici facts

While she had a great influence over French politics for over 40 years, she is also said to have had an influence over the revolution of French cooking during that time as well. Catherine’s husband was utterly enthralled by his mistress, Diane de Poitiers. Catherine de Medici (born Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de Medici; April 13, 1519-January 5, 1589) was a member of the powerful Italian Medici family who became queen consort of France through her marriage to King Henry II. Though he was technically an adult, he was hardly equipped to rule on his own. Catherine de’ Medici was Queen of France from 1547 until 1559 and Queen Mother from 1559 to 1589. Catherine denied de Poitiers any access to Henry’s deathbed, ignoring her husband’s final, desperate pleas for his lover. Catherine de' Medici's patronage of the arts made a significant contribution to the French Renaissance. For the rest of her childhood, the vulnerable Medici heiress would be shuffled between relatives and convents to protect her from the family’s enemies in an increasingly volatile Italy. Catherine became regent, taking on all responsibilities of state. Catherine’s retinue was an…interesting group of people. A single word began to circulate throughout the corners of the French aristocracy: poison. When the Duke of Guise stepped through the threshold into Henry’s chambers, he found the king’s personal bodyguard waiting for him. Catherine de Medici (born Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de Medici; April 13, 1519-January 5, 1589) was a member of the powerful Italian Medici family who became queen consort of France through her marriage to King Henry II. Catherine de Medici’s eldest son, Francis II, came to the throne at just 15 years old. Now that Henry of Navarre was heir to the French throne, her daughter Margaret, Henry’s wife, was more important than ever. Historians point out that Catherine’s father-in-law, Francis, frequently dined at elite Italian tables, where he would have encountered and even imported their culinary practices long before her arrival. While Catherine was rumored to be responsible for several acts of violence, she also made several attempts at brokering peace. She went from a prisoner of war in Italy to a fertility-challenged princess of France—but nothing was going to keep this ruthless manipulator from the power she craved. Want to tell us to write facts on a topic? Impressed by her bold wit, King Francis gave Catherine a privileged place in his infamous posse of impressive female friends, la petite bande. She and Henry were just lucky to be the same age, both 14 years old, but old men still wormed their way into the honeymoon. The Massacre would have been a convenient way to get rid of many of Catherine’s problems in one fell swoop—but it’s hard to imagine she planned for the slaughter to get as horrific as it did. For years, de Poitiers held more influence on affairs than Catherine herself—but Catherine was just biding her time. Henry had d’Aubiac executed…but not, as Catherine had wanted, in front of Margaret. Catholic and Huguenot armies would tear the French countryside apart for nearly 30 years—and Catherine, her children, and the rest of the French royal family were caught in the middle of it. It was Poitiers who had to remind Henry of his royal baby-making “duties.” She actually forced him to spend more (re)productive time with his wife. Consider Catherine de Medici one of the earliest selfie enthusiasts; A huge patron of all arts, Catherine was particularly interested in personal portraiture and commissioned official portraits of all her family members and other members of the court. Many found it hard to believe that Francis, a young man in the prime of his life, could fall ill and die so suddenly. Clement jumped at the offer and they made the match. The young couple had been married the year before at Amboise as part of the alliance between King Francis I of France and Lorenzo's uncle Pope Leo X against the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I. Almost immediately, rumors circulated that Catherine had murdered her with a gift of poisoned gloves. As Dauphine, Catherine de Medici arguably had a warmer relationship with her father-in-law than she did with her actual husband. This final betrayal destroyed Catherine. Next up for the throne was Catherine de Medici’s favorite son, Henry, Duke of Anjou. Kill them all!” But while he said the words, everyone knew that Catherine was the real power behind the throne. The French King Francis I attempted to bring Catherine to the French court as his kinswoman, but the pope blocked this, looking to an alliance with Spain. She tried to tell him she would get him set free, but the spiteful Cardinal had no time for her empty promises. Not only was he giving his mistress an entire castle, but Catherine had explicitly told him that she had wanted it for herself! In 1530, anti-Medici armies flanked the nunnery where young Catherine de Medici took refuge. She was placed in a series of convents for protection. Catherine of Aragon was King Henry VIII’s first wife and longest-lasting Queen of England. When Catherine found out about her daughter’s betrayal, her reaction was so disturbing, it’s impossible to forget. Some of the more unruly soldiers began to resent that their young hostage got such hospitable treatment. Medici power in Florence came crashing down in 1527. Catherine de Medici Fact 1: Catherine de’ Medici was born on April 13th 1519 and during the 16th century period in history when Portugal and Spain were exploring the oceans of the world and colonizing new lands. Henry's mistress, Diane de Poitiers, had more influence over him than Catherine, his wife. Not long before her death, Catherine went to visit the Cardinal in his cell. She did, however, have a governess when she returned to Florence in 1532 and went on to have a passion for literature and science all her life. All Rights Reserved. My mom never told me how her best friend died. For the first time in his life, Henry had completely disregarded his mother and acted on his own accord—and he would pay a terrible price for it. She wrote extensively, especially to her children and to other powerful European leaders. Catherine did a remarkable job placing her children in positions of power throughout Europe, but her greatest prize always escaped her: Queen Elizabeth I of England. The Duke spent his time traveling the countryside, while Catherine stayed in the wolf’s den, among the ladies of the court. This must have been utterly infuriating for Catherine—but then Henry took it even further. Please reach out to us to let us know what you’re interested in reading. Clement had gotten her safely out of Florence, and now it was time to find his young orphaned niece a husband. Madame de Pompadour didn't just share King Louis XV's bed, she also shared his power. Not only was Catherine forced to watch him put in the ground like his brothers and sisters, but his death also put her entire legacy at risk. When King Francis died on March 31, 1547, Henry became the king with Catherine crowned as his queen consort — though he allowed her little influence.

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