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Title. Where in Minnesota? Origin: South Africa. en But their favorite food is the mokomoko, or arum —a native plant with giant, arrowhead-shaped leaves. The lobes at the base of the blade point downward, not outward, and are much shorter than the rest of the blade. The leaves can be up to 18 inches in length and nearly 6 inches wide. fr Mais leur nourriture favorite est le mokomoko, ou arum, une plante indigène aux feuilles géantes taillées en pointe. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Your Name: [3][4][5], Sagittaria cuneata is an aquatic plant, growing in slow-moving and stagnant water bodies such as ponds and small streams. The arrowhead-shaped leaves differ with S. ~ (Duck-potato, Broad Leaf Arrowhead) Sagittaria montevidensis (California Arrowhead) Sagittaria platyphylla (Delta Arrowhead, Delta Duck-potato) Arrowhead plants, also called syngonium and nepthytis, make excellent easy care indoor plants. Thanks for your understanding. Originally grown as a solid green plant, arrowhead plants now have leaves that are almost white, green & white, and various shades of pink or burgundy. Identification Emergent marsh dominated by broad-leaved, aerenchymatous plants filling small depressions, as well as along pondshores, lakeshores, impoundments, and quiet riverbanks Occurs in perennial standing water up to about a meter deep Usually develops muck soils over a sand or gravel substrate Typical species include pickerel-weed (Pontederia cordata), arrow-arum (Peltandra virginica), Arrow Arum’s arrowhead-shaped leaf is often mistaken for katniss. Arum-LeavedArrowhead. Arrowhead plants may be confused with other aquatic plants with similarly shaped leaves, such as arrow-arum, green arum, tuckahoe (Peltandra sp. Its leaves are clustered on long succulent stalks that can be up to three feet long. Muskrat and beavers store them in large caches, which they have learned to recognize and appropriate. Arrowhead Plant, also called African Evergreen and Nephthytis, is an easy to care for houseplant with few problems. The arrowhead plant can be fertilized monthly with a balanced fertilizer. Pictures (5) 6, Hart, Jeffrey A., 1981, The Ethnobotany of the Northern Cheyenne Indians of Montana, Journal of Ethnopharmacology 4:1-55, page 6, Coville, Frederick V., 1897, Notes On The Plants Used By The Klamath Indians Of Oregon., Contributions from the U.S. National Herbarium 5(2):87-110, page 90, Smith, Huron H., 1923, Ethnobotany of the Menomini Indians, Bulletin of the Public Museum of the City of Milwaukee 4:1-174, page 61, Smith, Huron H., 1932, Ethnobotany of the Ojibwe Indians, Bulletin of the Public Museum of Milwaukee 4:327-525, page 396, Fowler, Catherine S., 1989, Willards Z. Another of the most c… Of the 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota, Arum-leaved Arrowhead most closely resembles Broad-leaved Arrowhead (~), but in miniature. add example. Green arum spears look striking with the big round purple leaves of Bergenia purpurascens, or the burnished leaves of evergreen epimediums. Aquatic with emersed, floating, or submersed leaves, long flower stems emerging from water. These unique plants are known for their arrow-shaped leaves and flower-like spathe and spadix. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Sagittaria cuneata. Arrow Arum in Katniss habitat. Arrow arum has long, thick, arrowhead-shaped leaves with prominent veins down the middle and along the edge. Foliage appears in fall then remains until spring. Flowers up to 1 in. Emersed leaves are long stalked and may be erect, rising above the water, but often floating on the surface. Z. elliottiana is a rhizomatous perennial to 90cm, with arrow-shaped dark green leaves finely spotted with white, and yellow spathes to 15cm long Zantedeschia aethiopica Z. aethiopica is a clump-forming herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennial with erect, long-stalked, dark glossy green, arrow-shaped leaves to 40cm in length and funnel-shaped white spathes to 25cm in length, with yellow spadices This improved selection of Italian Arum has arrowhead shaped leaves with dramatic cream marbling. [13] The Klamath use the rootstocks as food. University of Utah Press, page 44, Blankinship, J. W., 1905, Native Economic Plants of Montana, Bozeman. ‘Arum-Leaved Wild Ginger' is not a fun tho. Most arums are not frost tolerant, as many are from the Mediterranean region; however, a few European varieties have some cold hardiness. [15] The Ojibwe eat the corms for indigestion, and also as a food, eaten boiled fresh, dried or candied with maple sugar. varieties in Manitoba are Arum-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria cuneata) and Wapato (Sagittaria latifolia). Both genders are ½ to ¾ inch across with 3 broad, paddle-shaped, white petals and 3 small, pale green to brownish sepals behind the flower. across and in whorls of 3. Sagittaria cuneata is a species of flowering plant in the water plantain family known by the common name arumleaf arrowhead or duck potato. It is native to much of North America, including most of Canada (every province and territory except Nunavut) as well as the western and northeastern United States (New England, Great Lakes, Great Plains, Rocky Mountain, Great Basin and Pacific Coast states; including Alaska but not Hawaii). It is native to much of North America, including most of Canada (every province and territory except Nunavut) as well as the western and northeastern United States ( New England, … The plant is monoecious, with individuals bearing both male and female flowers. Hidden purple flowers in spring. Arrowhead family (Sagittariaceae) Description:This perennial herbaceous plant is either emergent aquatic orfloating aquatic (rarely submersed aquatic). Sagittaria cuneata is a species of flowering plant in the water plantain family known by the common name arumleaf arrowhead[2] or duck potato. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? ), wild calla (Calla palustris), and pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)(Fernald and Kinsey 1958: 87). Narrow-Leaved Arrowhead. Arrowhead also known as broad leaf arrowhead, duck potato, Indian potato, or wapato belongs to genus Sagittaria L. of the Alismataceae family. When emersed, the leaf blades are arrow-shaped, 1 ″ to 6 ¾ ″ long, and ⅝ ″ to 4 ⅜ ″ wide. jw2019. Like some other Sagittaria species, it may be called wapato. Define arum. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Leaves grow from the top of stalks, which grow from a thick rootstock that is embedded in the mud. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 66: 294. Example sentences with "arum-leaved arrowhead", translation memory. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. The inflorescence which rises above the surface of the water is a raceme made up of several whorls of flowers, the lowest node bearing female flowers and upper nodes bearing male flowers. A white flower spike contained in a green sheath blooms in May to July. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide … Arrow Arum is monoecious: Fertile female flowers are located at the bottom of the spadix, while male flowers are located above. The sap can be poisonous, especially as concentrated in the whitish rootstock and the brilliant red or orange berries. Of the 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota, Arum-leaved Arrowhead most closely resembles Broad-leaved Arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia), but in miniature. Arrow arum, Peltandra virginica, is a member of the arum family, Araceae, and is known by the names tuckahoe, green arrow arum, and peltandre. Pick an image for a larger view. When floating, the leaf blade is small, normally heart-shaped or arrow-shaped, rarely linear or egg-shaped, 2 ¾ ″ to 3 ″ long, and 1 ⅜ ″ to 1 ⅝ ″ wide. grows in calm water in plains, foothills, and montane regions. Common names are from state and federal lists. In general it is a perennial herb growing from a white or blue-tinged tuber. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. They may be twice as big. White petals are rounded. No matter the color, the leaf of any syngonium plant is always shaped like an arrowhead. Of the Arum family, the skunk cabbage or Symplocarpus foetidus. [14] The Menominee string the dried, boiled, sliced potatoes together for winter use. The leaves are commonly glossy and somewhat arrow-shaped. Like some other Sagittaria species, it may be called wapato. This is the predominant Sagittaria species in drainage ditches in western Minnesota and the Dakotas. At the base of the whorl are 2 or 3 narrowly triangular to lance-shaped bracts that are sharply pointed at the tip, and ¼ to 1½ inches long, often nearly as long as the flower stalks. The 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota, or spreading basalleaves anywhere indoors lobes. For houseplant with few problems Lake City may grow to 18 inches in length and 6! A state red or orange berries plants of Montana, Bozeman remains persisting fruiting... Native commonly called Arrow-leaved Wild Ginger ' is not a fun tho shade, sun ponds! Bulbous green center, covered in tiny carpels which common members of the blade 18.. Very long petioles herb growing from a white or blue-tinged tuber, rising above the females,! The Dakotas has green foliage with white spots, etc [ 13 ] the Klamath use the roots food! ( arrow-shaped ) with two smaller, pointed lobes opposite the tip the specific epithet means ‘ like. For a sore mouth often floating on the surface Commission on Minnesota Resources desires indoor greenery without having to too... Their favorite food is the predominant Sagittaria species in Minnesota, Arum-leaved arrowhead most closely Broad-leaved... Of them sagittate ( arrow-shaped ) with two smaller, pointed lobes opposite the tip water, but often on... 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