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Alcohols are all derivatives of hydrocarbons in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms in the hydrocarbon have been replaced by a hydroxyl group. They are a homologous series and have the general formula C n H 2n + 1 OH. The characteristic of the alcohol family is the presence of a –OH functional group (hydroxyl group). We can classify the alcohols into three groups as primary, secondary and tertiary. Normally, this –OH group attaches to an sp 3 hybridized carbon. They have a sweet odour. The general molecular formula for alcohols is C n H 2n+1 OH. Unit I Alchemy Section II Quiz. Alcohol is an organic compound composed of a hydroxyl group attached to an alkyl group. Thus an alcohol molecule consists of two parts; one containing the alkyl group and the other containing functional group hydroxyl group. The carbonyl group is a super function because many common functional groups are based on a carbonyl, including: aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, amides, acyl (acid) chlorides, acid anhydrides : Ester. Absorption of alcohol… Unlike the alkyl halides, this group has two reactive covalent bonds, the C–O bond and the O–H bond. The functional group of an alcohol is the hydroxyl group. An alcohol is composed of C, H and O atoms. Alcohol molecules all contain the hydroxyl (-OH) functional group. Naming … Their names all end in -ol. Alcohols. Alcohols and amines are fairly easy to identify in the IR spectrum, based on their relative locations and shapes. Carboxylic Acid (functional group) Alcohol (functional group) Amine (functional group) THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH... Naming Binary Ionic Compounds. In chemistry, alcohol is an organic compound that carries at least one hydroxyl functional group (−OH) bound to a saturated carbon atom. The electronegativity of oxygen is substantially greater than that of carbon and hydrogen. 43 terms. mshalleybhs TEACHER. The first thing you’ll notice is that both of these functional groups appear to the left of the C-H absorptions, which always occur between 2,800 cm–1 to 3,000 cm–1 in the IR spectrum. The physical and chemical properties of alcohols are mainly due to the presence of hydroxyl group. The alcohol functional group hydroxyl is an -OH group. The simplest member of this family is methyl alcohol, which we call methanol. 22 terms. Esters have a pair of alkyl or aromatic groups attached to a … Functional Group Structure: Example Compound: Official Name of Example (Common Name) Formal Name Ending; alcohol methanol (methyl alcohol)-ol endings phenol phenol (phenol)-ol endings Alcohols A hydroxyl group is a hydrogen bonded to an oxygen that is covalently bonded to the rest of the molecule. 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