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The interior live oak is a red oak (section Lobatae) in the California Floristic Province (series Agrifoliae). Quercus wislizeni, known by the common name interior live oak,[4] is an evergreen oak, highly variable and often shrubby, found in many areas of California[5] in the United States continuing south into northern Baja California in Mexico. However, German-born American botanist Georg Engelmann later corrected the location to the American fork of the Sacramento River near Auburn, California. California physician and botanist (and one of the founding fathers of the California Academy of Sciences) Albert Kellogg described an oak in an 1855 publication as Quercus arcoglandis (spur acorn oak),[10] apparently the same species as Q. wislizeni. Regnum Vegetabile 154. Q. wislizeni hybridizes with California black oak (Q. kelloggii) (= Quercus × morehus, Abram's oak). This tree is recognized not only for its size but also the critical ecosystem services that it provides such a food and shelter for wildlife, its water purification abilities, and its role in absorbing CO2 from our atmosphere and storing carbon in its wood. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. [9] Wislizenus' specimen was thought by de Candolle to have been collected in Chihuahua, Mexico. Although originally published by Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle as "wislizeni",[2] some sources, e.g., Jensen in Flora of North America,[8] mistakenly spelled the specific epithet "wislizenii." Both belong to the Red Oak subgenus, Erythrobalanus, and their leaf margins typically have bristle-like teeth, although the margins may be smooth. The leaf margins are sometimes spiny rather than smooth. Despite the common name it grows near the coast as well as in the Coast Ranges, central valley, and Sierra foothills. Leaves and acorn. A common alliant tree is gray pine (Pinus sabiniana). Q. wislizeni hybridizes with California black oak (Q. kelloggii) (= Quercus × morehus, Abram's oak). J. McMeill et al. Kellogg, Proc. Search the American Forests Champion Tree national register. Calif. Acad. Nominate a big tree that you think can achieve champion status. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. This champion Interior live Oak of California made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2019. Leaves, which persist for 2 years, are mostly oblong-to-elliptic or lanceolate, and spiny-toothed to entire. It generally occurs in foothills, being most abundant in the lower elevations of the Sierra Nevada, but also widespread in the Pacific Coast Ranges ─ where since 1980 it has been known as a separate species Quercus parvula[6][7] ─ and the San Gabriel Mountains. "The evolution and diversification of the red oaks of the California Floristic Province (Quercus section Lobatae, series Agrifoliae)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quercus_wislizeni&oldid=979517144, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the San Francisco Bay Area, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [13], Deer browse the tree's foliage. All California red oaks show evidence of introgression and/or hybridization with one another. It was named for its collector, Friedrich Adolph Wislizenus (1810–1889). Sci. 1(1):25 (1855), sfn error: no target: CITEREFJepson_eFlora:_Quercus_wislizeni (. Browse stories on our blog, Loose Leaf, and get to know the people and champions that make up the program. Help us honor and protect our nation’s Champion Trees. However, the Interior Live Oak (Quercus wizlizeni), and Coast Live Oak look very similar at first glance. Engelm., Trans. The male flowers are on catkins, the female flowers in leaf axils. Acad. 2012. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. Interior Live Oak (Quercus wislizeni) is a native tree or shrub in the Fagaceae (Beech) family. 1220 L Street, NW, Suite 750Washington, DC 20005, American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Interior live Oak (Quercus wislizeni), State: CA, © 2020 American Forests. All California red oaks show evidence of introgression and/or hybridization with one another. Currently there are two recognized varieties of interior live oak:[11]. Sign up for our big tree email list and receive year-round updates on the program. The dark-green leaves ─ appearing grayish from a distance ─ are usually small, 2–5 cm (1–2 in) long, thick, and often spiny-toothed at higher elevations, particularly on young trees. The interior live oak is a red oak (section Lobatae) in the California Floristic Province (series Agrifoliae). This clearly predates French-Swiss botanist de Candolle's 1864 name, and if confirmed to be this same taxon would have priority. [14], sfn error: no target: CITEREFJepson_eFlora:_Quercus_parvula (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFFlora_of_North_America (. Interior live Oak (Quercus wislizeni) This champion Interior live Oak of California made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2019. Humans use the wood as a fuel source. St. Louis 3:396 (1878). The acorns are 1–2 cm (0.5–1 in) long, and mature the second season (about 18 months) after flowering.[8]. Plants may reach 30 to 75 feet in height or assume a shrub-like growth form with heights of only 8 to 10 feet. Koeltz Scientific Books. All Rights Reserved. Correct spelling is with one "i," per ICN article 60C.2. Definition of interior live oak : an evergreen oak (Quercus wizlizenii) of western North America much resembling the coast live oak but occurring chiefly in the foothills of mountain ranges somewhat removed from the coast and forming an important part of the chaparral More investigation is needed to resolve this taxonomic conflict. This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 06:23. It tends to grow at elevations from sea level to 5,000 feet and is a major component of foothill woodland. (eds). Interior live oak is a slow-growing, variable evergreen, which grows as a large shrub or small tree. [4], It is a large shrub or tree[8] growing to 22 meters (72 feet) tall, although where it is common in the low elevation Sierra foothills it seldom exceeds 10 meters (33 feet). I, '' per ICN article 60C.2 oak ( q. kelloggii ) ( = Quercus morehus... ), sfn error: no target: CITEREFFlora_of_North_America ( which grows as large! Oak of California made its debut on the program as well as the! 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