The login page will open in a new tab. Spanish Noun Gender | Guide to Masculine and Feminine, A list of masculine, feminine and noun exceptions is included with the game. A few dozen Spanish nouns are of ambiguous gender, meaning they can be either masculine or feminine without any difference in meaning. Every person, place, thing, event or idea falls into one category only. Since many nouns do not follow the rules, it's important to learn the unpredictable ones. Español: El alma dispuesta. Females are feminine. However, since they are so different from typical patterns, grammatical errors occur. In addition, some masculine nouns end in the syllables –MA, -PA and –TA, just like the word PROBLEMA and MAPA. Here is a sample definition from a Spanish dictionary: The sample entry below shows a noun that is ambiguous. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). Unless you want detailed explanation into the noun gender concept. The gender of a noun in Spanish can generally be identified by the noun ending, however, there are some exceptions. Two, some nouns are completely different words between male and female. It’s not incorrect, and as a grammarian and linguist, I much prefer the standard v non-standard interpretation, as it doesn’t label my community sub-standard because of their use of language. The following nouns are a fair bit harder than the previous category. But, years on from that moment, I can confidently say that it is possible, and there is another important factor that I never thought would be part of the equation—intuition. : ¿Es una elfo? Yes, it’s useful thought! Maybe we should invent it! Despite this usage becoming more and more common, this mistake doesn’t feel right when you analyse it. If you love this resource, be sure to check out our digital library of helpful tools and resources for building vocabulary, grammar and hands-on kids activities to raise your kids bilingually easier than ever before. There aren’t any specific rules that will help with these nouns. Before moving on, I’ll point out that the first few examples in this category, nouns that end in ‘o’ but are feminine, are quite rare. But I get the intuition bit, which is very useful, though sadly, it’s often because we’re taught that how we speak is ‘wrong’. If I said “me went to the cinema” or “I like the car red”, should we consider these sentences as “incorrect” or “non-standard”? In it's simplest terms, every noun is either masculine or feminine. Really, these words are nouns with specific genders that existed before rules. I'll guide you through some simple steps to create a framework for using Spanish in your real life. In fact, the rules are not always reliable. Category 2 – Nouns that don’t end ‘o’ or ‘a’ and are masculine. In Spanish grammar, nouns are classified by gender as masculine or feminine. There are always exceptions to the rules for masculi… How to produce the right gender for nouns through a list of gender rules in Spanish nouns. The words in this category are easy to remember as they are mostly made up of English-Spanish cognates. Please log in again. Just sayin’, Your email address will not be published. As an aside on this category, the word universidad is one of my favourite words in the Spanish language. Where both appear, either gender is widely accepted, although the most commonly used gender is listed first. Once we moved past the idea that an elf was actually different to a smurf, and did, in fact, have a gender, the question remained, how do you say female elf in Spanish? In this article there is a list of common masculine nouns in Spanish ending in -ma. E.g. Rather, a game is memory training done right. I find it interesting that there isn’t a feminine version of marido like there is with esposo/esposa. In the Spanish language, there are terms such as “dequeísmo”, “queísmo” and “leísmo” to describe situations that you are referring to as “non-standard”. After consulting the main authority website for debates of this nature (www.fundeu.es), the answer was disappointing—there is no consensus. a noun is a word that identifies a person, place or thing. Because these words can trip you up ... especially if you are aiming at accuracy in your Spanish. In this article, there is a comprehensive list of common masculine nouns in Spanish ending in -ma. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. hello Andrew Thanks for your succinct and clear explanations. We simply use language in a different way, as do our own two super-communities – UK and Australia. That's why it's best to remember the only rock-solid rule and strategy #1 below. Just to make life annoying, here are some examples of feminine nouns that end in an ‘o’ and masculine nouns that end in an ‘a’. I just love how it sounds!! I learned that ‘el problema’ is masculine and ‘la solución’ is feminine. There are a few male exceptions, but they are very low-frequency words. Even though biology has clear male and female distinctions, there are still some complications. Life is full of different kinds nouns. ¿Es una elfa? Lookup . The biggest factor that contributed to my doubts was a mental hurdle I had to face: could I really memorise the amount of information you need to speak another language?The vocabulary itself was one thing, but then the thought of having to memorise an associat… Specific examples of masculine and feminine nouns are listed. Does it really matter whether you use el or la. The distinction to me is whether a native speaker would use the langauge. With Lingolia Plus you can access 11 additional exercises about Gender, as well as 818 online exercises to improve your Spanish. Totally, Andrew. If you're trying to learn Spanish Nouns you will find some useful resources including a course about Nouns and Words... to help you with your Spanish grammar. In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine. el uno, el dos, el tres...one, two, three... el verde, el azul, el naranjagreen, blue, orange. What are your thoughts on language learning and the role of intuition? If you do sometimes you will make an error. It is better to take time to learn more nouns with their correct gender, than to learn the different noun gender groups. It would be great if there was a term like “meism” to describe the use of “me” vs “I” in certain regions of the English-speaking world. Yet this is how most of my neighbours would speak. Also, I think there needs to be a distinction between the spoken and written language. Truly, the nouns are not exceptions. In Spanish nouns have two genders, masculine and feminine. But at times they help to make a wholehearted attempt to be grammatically correct. Every noun is identified by masculine and feminine in dictionary definitions. I know a guy who speaks a Philippine dialect and shared a story with me about getting in a bind using an insulting slang word. The gender is generalized and defaults to masculine. This category is a handy trick to keep in mind. You will also receive weekly Spanish and language learning tips. Let's start with the most important strategy first: The only absolutely accurate way to determine noun gender is to use the dictionary. My observation however was also about the curious asynchrony between esposo, esposa, and marido (no marida). And there are some nouns whose meanings vary with gender., such as el cometa (comet) and la cometa (kite). Com, and some grammars. These nouns behave in a very unusual way, mostly due to issues involved in their pronunciation. I knew there were plenty of exceptions, but after immersing my mind into detailed linguistic studies, I now know that it is random (or to be more accurate - historical). The best part - it's absolutely free right now! la treponema — type of bacteria — Like some other words of limited medical usage, this word is feminine according to dictionaries but usually masculine in actual use. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IErXqz3e_xs&list=PLkafMRYyE9DHRQrNbOB5gKA9CVNZAmT_L. Yes, it would be useful. With this general rule about 96 out of 100 nouns will be correct with this guess. Cometa has two meanings that change with the gender. By default, nouns are masculine, unless assigned to be feminine. A few dozen Spanish nouns are of ambiguous gender, meaning they can be either masculine or feminine without any difference in meaning. What’s worse, there are some noun genders that are still up for debate amongst native speakers. The following nouns are a fair bit harder than the previous category. Individual, collective and compound nouns. Rather than naming the next few sections of this post ‘rule 1’, ‘rule 2’ etc., I will call them categories. Common noun. Try to use a noun from each of these 10 categories over the next few weeks and months and the return to the post to test your knowledge. Unlike humans and animals, the rest of the nouns have no biological gender. Learn vocabulary list masculine nouns spanish 101 with free interactive flashcards.
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