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The conflicts between Canadian and Gulf air commonly produce severe thunderstorms (including hailstorms, especially on the western Plains) and tornadoes, particularly in May and June. The wet season is from May to October. In the Northern Hemisphere summer, high pressure in the Pacific Ocean builds toward the California coast, resulting in a northwesterly airflow, creating the cool, dry, and stable weather conditions prevalent along the West Coast in summer. Climate at a Glance. both Dakotas, Nebraska, Iowa and Minnesota). The strip of land from north Texas north to Nebraska and east into Southern Michigan is known as Tornado Alley, where many houses have tornado shelters and where many towns have tornado sirens. Widespread severe flooding is rare. Because human-induced warming is superimposed on a naturally varying climate, the temperature rise has not been, and will not be, uniform or smooth across the country or over time. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. Farmland failed throughout the Plains, entire regions were virtually depopulated, and dust storms ravaged the land. [32], Varies due to changes in latitude, and a range of geographic features, Gulf Coast/Lower Mississippi Valley/South Atlantic states, Southern Plains/Lower Midwest/Middle East Coast, Northern Great Plains/North-Central/Great Lakes/New England. West of 100°W, much of the U.S. has a cold semi-arid climate in the interior upper western states (Idaho to the Dakotas), to warm to hot desert and semi-arid climates in the southwestern U.S. East of 100°W, the climate is humid continental in northern areas (locations roughly above 40°N, Northern Plains, Midwest, Great Lakes, New England), transitioning into a humid temperate climate from the Southern Plains and lower Midwest east to the Middle Atlantic states (Virginia to southern Connecticut). East of the 100th meridian (the general dividing line between the dry and humid climates) are the humid subtropical climate of SE United States and the humid continental climate of NE United States. More recently, the western US experienced widespread drought from 1999 to 2004. Most of the Florida peninsula including Tampa and Jacksonville, along with other coastal cities like Houston, New Orleans, Savannah, GA, Charleston, SC and Wilmington, NC all have average summer highs from near 90 to the lower 90s F, and lows generally from 70 to 75 °F (21 to 24 °C); combined with moist tropical air, this creates the sultry summer weather conditions that prevail here. Users may access data via NCEI Web Accessible Folders and/or FTP client supported applications. The southern US has a second tornado season during the autumn. There are no fewer than nine regional climates in the United States. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 35° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates.. Across the central states from late fall to spring, "Panhandle hook" storms move from the central Rockies into the Oklahoma/Texas panhandle areas, then northeast toward the Great Lakes. In winter, daily temperatures in the southwest are cooler with highs in the 50s and 60s F, and lows in the 40s F. In Phoenix, Las Vegas and similar Southwestern desert areas, on average June is the driest month, after Pacific-originating winter storms have concluded and before the Southwestern summer "monsoon" begins. American Samoa is south of the equator, and therefore its wet/dry seasons are reversed. The Southwest has the worst droughts; one is thought to have lasted over 500 years and to have decimated the Anasazi people. Generally, the area at greatest risk for tornadoes migrates northward from February to June, peaking in the Gulf States in February and March, the Ohio Valley and lower Midwest in April, southern and central Plains and central Midwest in May, and Northern Plains and upper Midwest (Dakotas, Minnesota, and Wisconsin) in June. The state of Alaska, on the northwestern corner of the North American continent, is largely dominated by a subarctic climate, but with a subpolar oceanic climate in the southeast (Alaska Panhandle), southwestern peninsula and Aleutian Islands, and a polar climate in the north. The Southwest has a hot desert climate, at lower elevations. [31] In terms of deaths caused by cold waves, the same gender inequality exists; 66% of hypothermia-related deaths in 2002 were of males. The northeastern part of the territory is very wet, with a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af). Minnesota/North Dakota). The United States, with its large size and geographical variety, includes most climate types. See how the North American places where humans have lived for thousands of years will shift and what changes are in store for … Cities like Phoenix, Las Vegas, Yuma, and Palm Springs have average highs over 100 °F (38 °C) during the summer months and lows in the 70s or even 80s. The dry season is from January to May, and the wet season from July to November. We apologize for any inconvenience. [5] Snow sometimes occurs in high mountain areas. "[4]<, Hawaii has 11 different climate zones, influenced by altitude and topographical effect on wind and rainfall. This is a book to encourage and inspire climate educators of all types to know that they are not alone, but are instead … [citation needed] Like most Mediterranean climates, much of coastal California has a wet winter and dry summer. Precipitation (whether by annual amount, annual distribution or characteristic[s]) varies significantly across the United States and its possessions. The coast of California has a Mediterranean climate. Other places with significant snowfall outside the Cascade Range are the Wasatch Range, near the Great Salt Lake and the Sierra Nevada, near Lake Tahoe. These include tropical at sea level, arid, semi-arid, temperate, and alpine at the highest elevations. Also, June is the highest-risk month for severe weather throughout North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin and northern Illinois. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfa. Coastal areas of Oregon and Washington have an oceanic climate. In the Northern Hemisphere winter, the subtropical highs retreat southward. The Gulf of Alaska is the origination area of many storms that enter the United States. The Arctic, Atlantic, and Pacific oceans border the three sides. The land in North America is actually still adjusting to the loss of ice after the last ice age, which peaked about 20,000 years ago. Distribution of Mesoscale Convective Complex Rainfall in the United States. Daily high temperatures range from 70 to 80 °F (21 to 27 °C) in the summer to 50 to 65 °F (10 to 16 °C) in winter, with low temperatures from the 60 °F (16 °C)s in summer to the mid 40s F in winter. Stretching across Mississippi and Alabama, Dixie Alley has experienced both tornadoes and violent thunderstorms, with peak tornado season coming on as early as February and waning by May. Although severe drought is rare, it has occasionally caused some major problems, such as those during the Dust Bowl (1931–1942), which coincided with the Great Depression. Puerto Rico has different climatic zones, all tropical. [16] Over the top of the ridge, the jet stream brings a summer precipitation maximum to the Great Lakes. Most of the maps were adapted from the Climatic Atlas of the United States and modified to make them easier to use. The Interior Plains cover much of central Canada and the Midwestern United States. The book summarizes the scientific literature with respect to climate impacts on the Southeast United States, including 11 southern states to the east of the Mississippi River, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands; reviews the historic climate, current climate, and the projected future climate of the region; and describes interactions with important sectors of the Southeast and cross-sectoral issues, namely … Tip of Florida has a hot desert climate, at lower elevations, winter precipitation mostly... The equator, and James T. Moore of the Northern Mariana Islands Mountains, wettest... Florida is the origination area of the territory is very wet, a. Months the best time to visit of years or longer of 618 per year [. 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