Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Mature trees are typically 18 inches […] Hackberries (Celtis spp.) Common Name(s): Hackberry, Sugarberry. Hackberry is used as a shade tree or a boulevard tree. The Sugarberry is also a favorite for bonsai. Height: 18 m (59 feet) Flowering: April. Distribution: Eastern North America. Wetland Status. It is not normally grown by wholesale nurseries. Habitat of the herb: Low wet areas such as floodplains, bottomlands and sloughs, generally in clay soils. Hackberry Tree Varieties. But that is not the only issue with this tree. And on end grain and cross-grain cuts, use a backing board. Hackberry, Nettle Tree, Sugar Berry (Celtis occidentalis, Linn. To avoid tearout, the jointer knives should follow the grain direction. Sugarberry Blooms specializes in creating lush, garden-inspired florals for your special day! This tree has weak wood that breaks under the stresses of snow, ice and wind. In earlier years, its tough, flexible wood was used for barrel hoops, and many a pioneer cabin was equipped with durable hackberry wood flooring. How to Grow Hackberry Trees. Bark light brown or pale grey, broken into thick warts or scales by deep furrows; branches often corrugated and warty. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The Navajo boiled the leaves and branches to make dark brown and red dye for wool. One of the biggest problems with the common hackberry tree is its high susceptibility to damage caused by fire blight. It could be grown and used more in urban areas but, unfortunately, appears to compartmentalize injury poorly, resulting in branch and trunk rot. The plant is harvested from the wild for mainly local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. This medium to large deciduous tree grows to around 60-80 feet in height with upright branching and a rounded spreading crown. Sugarberry has fewer problems with leaf galls and witches broom, which are seen regularly on common hackberry. Full Form—Celtis laevigata: Sugarberry. cturtletrax/Getty Images. Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry.. Habitat: On good bottomland soils, it grows fast and may live to 20 years.. There are 60 to 70 species of hackberry that can be found in temperate climate around the world. The margins of the leaves are slightly toothed. It is also known as the nettletree, sugarberry, beaverwood, northern hackberry, and American hackberry. Description: Hackberry is planted as a street tree in midwestern cities because of its tolerance to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions.. Celtis occidentalis The hackberry has appropriately been called, “one tough tree.” Colonists had enough other trees to choose from that they didn’t pay much attention to the hackberry trees. Wildlife, particularly birds and squirrels, enjoy and seek out hackberry's nutritious fruits. Secondary Names: sugar hackberry, palo blanco Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A very common, large tree to 90 feet tall and a trunk 2 feet or more in diameter, though usually smaller in stature, with a round or oval crown of light green foliage. The fruit is a popular food for birds and small mammalian wildlife. In those southernmost regions that the common hackberry reaches there is some overlap with the sugarberry variety, which can be hard to distinguish from. sugarberry Celtis laevigata var. Each tree produces a slightly different fruit. It can be eaten fresh or used to make bread or jams. Interpreting Wetland Status. Be sure to locate the tree where mechanical injury will not occur. Hackberry fruits range from dark-red to purple and have a diameter of 1/3 inch. Sugarberry is short lived, probably not living more than 150 years. Botanical name Celtis laevigata Common name Sugarberry Common Name: sugarberry Zone: 6 to 9 Native Range: Southern United States Height: 60 … It has also been used, mixed with powdered shells, as a treatment for VD. Landscape use good tree for poor conditions, park tree, screen, for edible fruit, used in inexpensive furniture where a light-colored wood is desired Sugarberry is useful in areas around rivers to help prevent erosion and minimize risk from flooding. Although sugar hackberry has been used as a street tree in many cities in the South, its use has been banned by other cities because of problems with trunk rot. Because hackberry burns and chips almost as easily as white ash, be sure to take shallow passes with your router. Small purple berries are dry, sweet, and edible. It is fast growing with a rounded vase crown and makes a good shade tree as it is resistant to urban pollution. Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), commonly called southern hackberry in the southern US, is a medium- to large-sized native tree found along floodplains and rivers in the Southeast.In some areas, sugarberry can be found in parks, yards, and along fences and streets. Sugarberry is a native deciduous tree growing to 60 to 100 feet [18-30 m]. Landscape use good tree for poor conditions, park tree, screen, for edible fruit, used in inexpensive furniture where a light-colored wood is desired Sugarberry is useful in areas around rivers to help prevent erosion and minimize risk from flooding. It is also called sugar hackberry, hackberry, Texas sugarberry, southern hackberry, and lowland hackberry. What is a Sugarberry Tree? Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata, makes a fine lawn specimen, summer shade tree and addition to a naturalistic wildlife and butterfly garden. Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft 3 (595 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.49, .60. Fire And Other Ecological Issues . Going for the Burn Good firewood relies on several qualities to make your fires burn well. Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), a common medium-size tree of moderate to fast growth, is most often found on clay soils of broad flats or shallow sloughs within the flood plains of major southern rivers. Measure from the center of one tree to the center of the next. Hackberry has remarkable adaptability. There is perhaps no better shade tree for wide, open areas. Highlighting the textures, shapes and colors of nature, we’re committed to finding the perfect elements to make your custom florals as unique as possible. My best guess is you’re looking at Southern Hackberry (Sugarberry) trees (which we don’t have, so what do I know). Native to southern Illinois, sugarberry is closely related to a more northern species, common hackberry. laevigata. The tree was first cultivated in 1636. The Hackberry ‘round here has corky, “wart-like” ridges covering 100% of the tree, rather than the “warts” and smooth areas like your pictures show. The best way to identify a hackberry tree is by its warty, gray to brown bark. Cold hardy in zones 5a–10b, Sugarberry ranges throughout Florida north to coastal Virginia, west to Central Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas, and north up the Mississippi River basin to the confluences with the Missouri and Ohio Rivers. It establishes easily and grows well in urban landscapes because of its wide soil adaptability and its tolerance of heat, drought, salt spray, wind, ice, and short-term flooding. And use a rip-profile blade with at least 24 teeth. It is a moderately long-lived hardwood with a light-colored wood, yellowish gray to light brown with yellow streaks. It will grow rapidly and require regular pruning and training to develop a strong branch structure and to keep it looking neat in the nursery. Although usually found in moist to wet soils, the tree adapts well to dry conditions. The Sugarberry is also a favorite for bonsai. Description of the plant: Plant: Deciduous Tree. When it does, the wood performs admirably in your fireplace or wood stove. Hackberry trees have egg-shaped leaves that taper to a point that are 2.3 to 4 inches long and 1.5 to 2 inches wide. Celtis occidentalis, commonly known as the common hackberry, is a large deciduous tree native to North America. This tree may be used as a lawn tree or street tree. Open-grown sugarberry commonly reaches 50 to 70 feet in height with a similar spread, and makes a wonderful shade tree. Wood is used mostly for cheap furniture but also is used for dimension stock, flooring, crating, fuel, cooperage, and fence posts. 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