sarah getting pregnant in the bible

Frymer-Kensky argues that although the Bible portrays a patriarchal social structure, it has a gender-neutral ideology. Sarah abuses Hagar, and Hagar flees. Read. He guides me along the right paths for his name’s sake. My Jewish Learning is a not-for-profit and relies on your help. Just as God tells Abraham that He will multiply Abraham’s progeny, but first his descendants will be degraded slaves, so too God promises Hagar that He will multiply her progeny, but first she must return to Abraham to be exploited as a slave. Bible Verses for a Healthy Pregnancy and Safe Delivery Bible Verses for a Healthy Pregnancy. Frymer-Kensky interprets the story of Hagar in keeping with this theory. In this story, Sarah acts independently, taking the initiative to decide the future of her family, even against her husband’s wishes. Frymer-Kensky explains that women serve as a paradigm for the people of Israel after the destruction of the Temple and the expulsion from the land of Israel. Why does the Bible portray women in such a positive light? The fact that Genesis consists of a series of family stories (including several genealogies) accounts for the remarkable concentration of female figures. Hagar’s story shows that the path to redemption leads first through degradation. If she has not borne sons, her mistress may sell her. And she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes. When Hagar conceives, she “goes about making herself equal to her mistress”– Sarah is lowered in her eyes–so Sarah “puts the mark of a slave on her” by abusing Hagar. Proverbs 30:20,21,23 Such is the way of an adulterous woman; she eateth, and wipeth her mouth, and saith, I have done no wickedness…, Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular, Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular, Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular, Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular. The Bible, through its portrayal of female characters, provides a model for how the people of Israel, despite their lack of political power, are not essentially inferior and can play an active role in determining history. Their story can be found in the book of Genesis and serves an important role in the later stories of the Bible. Likewise, in the light of who Abraham was, Sarah held an important position and played a great role in the establishment of the Jewish people. Frymer-Kensky and Teubal’s differing interpretations of the Sarah-Hagar story provide two ways to understand the strong and independent women of the Bible in the context of the patriarchal world in which they lived. Why does Sarah, the woman, act to determine her family’s future while her husband, Abraham, is passive? The Lord is my shepherd, I lack nothing. 2 Samuel 6:16 And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart. Hagar becomes pregnant, and Sarah sees that she “is diminished” in Hagar’s eyes (Genesis 16:4). Sarah, she explains, was a priestess in Mesopotamia, before she chose to leave her family and homeland behind and journey with Abraham to Canaan. Home. Frymer-Kensky and Teubal both use historical evidence from the ancient Near East to come to different conclusions regarding the Sarah-Hagar story. The Birth of Ishmael … 3 So after he had lived in Canaan for ten years, his wife Sarai took her Egyptian maidservant Hagar and gave her to Abram to be his wife. Abraham is reluctant to do so, but God tells him: “Whatever Sarah tells you to do, listen to her” (Genesis 21:12), and he agrees and sends Hagar and her son away. Teubal cites Paragraph 146 of Hammurabi’s Code, an ancient Mesopotamian legal code: If a man has married a priestess [of a certain rank] and she has given a slave girl to her husband and she bears sons, if (thereafter) that slave girl goes about making herself equal to her mistress, because she had borne sons, her mistress may not sell her; she may put the mark of a slave on her and count her with the slave girls. Hagar returns and gives birth to a son, Ishmael. https://www.bible.com/bible/8/GEN.21.2.AMPC, All About Love - Relating with Women of the Bible – Part 2, Promised Of God: Traveling With Unmet Expectations, The Essential 100® Bible Challenge–2–Abraham, Isaac And Jacob, Every Nation 2019 Prayer, Fasting, and Consecration, The Louder Song: Listening for Hope in the Midst of Pain, Anxiety, Grief, Doubt, and Lament, Prayer and God’s Promises for the Nations, Inconceivable Redemption: God's Presence In Miscarriage And Infertility, The Aetherlight Episode 1 Resistance Plan, Emmanuel: God With Us, an Advent Devotional, Advent Journey - Following the Seed From Eden to Bethlehem. Do to her what is good in your eyes” (Genesis 16:6). And clues from the larger realm of ancient Near Eastern history can help us understand biblical characters. Biblical Sarah, Abraham’s wife and the matriarch of the Jewish people, is a strong and independent character. Genesis 21:2 - So Sarah conceived and bore a son to Abraham in his old age, at the appointed time of which God had spoken to him. The women in the Bible are socially subordinate but not essentially inferior; they have strong, independent personalities, and they often act to guide the course of events. These supernatural beings appear widely throughout Jewish texts. The angel promises her that her descendants will become a great nation, and he orders her to return to Abraham. Psalm 23:1-4. Abraham and Sarah were quite old when Sarah was pregnant. She argues that written records from the beginning of writing in ancient Sumer show that patriarchy was well-entrenched in the ancient Near East over 1500 years before the Bible; the Genesis narratives are not a bridge between some matriarchal pre-history and patriarchal history. That proved doubly distressing for her because God had promised Abraham and Sarah that they would have a son. Frymer-Kensky argues that Hagar, too, symbolizes Israel. Sarah brings this problem to Abraham, and Abraham, rather than deciding himself what to do, lets Sarah choose how to deal with Hagar, saying: “Here, your slave-woman is in your hands. The families depicted in Genesis may or may not represent actual people, but these literary portraits are valuable sources for understanding the general social and cultural world that produced them. This Bible Story features Abraham and Sarah, two prominent characters from the Old Testament. We use cookies to improve your experience on our site and bring you ads that might interest you. Teubal argues that Sarah, in taking this active role in the Hagar story, is preserving the ancient Mesopotamian tradition of priestesses, a privileged class of women who play a greater role than their husbands in directing their families’ lives. She explains that Sarah gives Hagar to Abraham in keeping with ancient Near Eastern tradition. Sarah (originally named Sarai) was one of several women in the Bible who were unable to have children. Five books of story, law, and poetry divided into 54 weekly portions. The Genesis narratives thus form a bridge between the matriarchal pre-historic world and the patriarchal historic world. When she cannot have children, Sarah takes the initiative and gives her maid-servant, Hagar, to Abraham so that he can have children through Hagar on Sarah’s behalf. How then can we understand the active, independent role of Sarah and the other matriarchs in directing they and their family’s lives? Savina J. Teubal, in Sarah the Priestess, and Tikva Frymer-Kensky, in Reading the Women of the Bible, both draw on historical evidence from the ancient Near East in order to address this question, but come to different conclusions. Genesis contains the greatest concentration of female figures in the Bible (32 named and 46 unnamed women). 5 Then Sarai said to Abram, “May the wrong done to me be upon you! The forefathers and foremothers of the Jewish people. 4 And he slept with Hagar, and she conceived. M ost people who are familiar with the Bible are familiar with the fact that Sarah was the wife of Abraham. Frymer-Kensky also cites the passage from Hammurabi’s Code regarding the priestess, but she does not conclude from this parallel that Sarah was a priestess; the other marriage contracts describe a similar situation, and they do not refer to priestesses. He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters, he refreshes my soul. Women who governed include Deborah (Judges 4:4), the Queen of Sheba (1Kings 10:1 - 13) and Queen Candace (Acts 8:27). Is there another way to account for Sarah’s active role in the Hagar story? Sarah brings this problem to Abraham, and Abraham, rather than deciding himself what to do, lets Sarah choose how to deal with Hagar, saying: “Here, your slave-woman is in your hands.

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