spinal cord injury meaning in urdu

"The painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats", "We drove to the university every morning", "The structure consisted of a series of arches", Spinal Anaesthesia : ریڑھ کی ہَڈّی سے مُتعَلِق, Spinal Anesthesia : ریڑھ کی ہَڈّی سے مُتعَلِق, ریڑھ کی ہڈی سے متعلق Reedh Ki Haddi Se Mutaliq. [112] The rehabilitation process typically begins in the acute care setting. [51] Spasticity, the uncontrollable tensing of muscles below the level of injury, occurs in 65–78% of chronic SCI. Injuries can be cervical 1–8 (C1–C8), thoracic 1–12 (T1–T12), lumbar 1–5 (L1–L5),[8] or sacral (S1–S5). [100] People should be removed from the spine board as rapidly as possible to prevent complications from its use. [96] Anyone who has undergone force sufficient to cause a thoracic spinal injury is at high risk for other injuries also. [32] Usually posterior cord injuries result from insults like disease or vitamin deficiency rather than trauma. [153], Another type of approach is tissue engineering, using biomaterials to help scaffold and rebuild damaged tissues. It is common to experience sexual dysfunction after injury, as well as dysfunction of the bowel and bladder, including fecal and urinary incontinence. Usually, the inpatient phase lasts 8–12 weeks and then the outpatient rehabilitation phase lasts 3–12 months after that, followed by yearly medical and functional evaluation. [129] In China, the incidence is approximately 60,000 per year. Urdu meaning of Spinal Cord is ریڑھ کی ہڈی, it can be written as Reedh Ki Haddi in Roman Urdu. KNEE WON’T FLEX: Not willing to give in to authority. [1] Another important aspect of care is prevention of insufficient oxygen in the bloodstream, which could deprive the spinal cord of oxygen. Introduction. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. 27, 2017. Thoracic spinal injuries result in paraplegia, but function of the hands, arms, and neck are not affected. [140] In nontraumatic SCI, the gender difference is smaller, the average age of occurrence is greater, and incomplete lesions are more common. [131], SCI is present in about 2% of all cases of blunt force trauma. Research into potential treatments includes stem cell implantation, engineered materials for tissue support, epidural spinal stimulation, and wearable robotic exoskeletons. Lower T-injuries (T9 – T12) allow good trunk control and good abdominal muscle control. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. Oct. 30, 2017. [67] Pre-existing asymptomatic congenital anomalies can cause major neurological deficits, such as hemiparesis, to result from otherwise minor trauma. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. [69] In some countries falls are more common, even surpassing vehicle crashes as the leading cause of SCI. [8] Physical therapists, occupational therapists, recreational therapists, nurses, social workers, psychologists, and other health care professionals work as a team under the coordination of a physiatrist[9] to decide on goals with the patient and develop a plan of discharge that is appropriate for the person's condition. [10] Paraplegia occurs when the legs are affected by the spinal cord damage (in thoracic, lumbar, or sacral injuries), and tetraplegia occurs when all four limbs are affected (cervical damage). Body Organic Structure Physical Structure : جسم Jisim : the entire structure of an organism (an animal, plant, or human being). At A Lower Place Below Beneath To A Lower Place : نیچے Neeche : in or to a place that is lower. [73] A key avenue of SCI research is research on stem cells, which can differentiate into other types of cells—including those lost after SCI. یہ ایک ہڈی نہیں ہےصدرپنجرریڑھ کی ہڈیکمر کا بانسسینہجسمانی خلا. [2] SCI has seen great improvements in its care since the middle of the 20th century. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. [123] Recovery is typically quickest during the first six months. Epidemiology and classification", "Sacral sparing with cauda equina compression from central lumbar intervertebral disc prolapse", "Impact of spinal cord injury on sexuality: broad-based clinical practice intervention and practical application", "A series of systematic reviews on the treatment of acute spinal cord injury: a foundation for best medical practice", "Drug delivery, cell-based therapies, and tissue engineering approaches for spinal cord injury", "Who is going to walk? [20] Sacral sparing has been attributed to the fact that the sacral spinal pathways are not as likely as the other spinal pathways to become compressed after injury due to the lamination of fibers within the spinal cord. They also tend to compromise a person’s immune system, meaning problems fighting infections such as sepsis. [85] Although the ideal timing of surgery is still debated, studies have found that earlier surgical intervention (within 24 hours of injury) is associated with better outcomes. [66] Traumatic SCI can result in contusion, compression, or stretch injury. [1], The corticosteroid medication methylprednisolone has been studied for use in SCI with the hope of limiting swelling and secondary injury. [118] People with SCI may need to use specialized devices and to make modifications to their environment in order to handle activities of daily living and to function independently. [143] The seventh-century Greek physician Paul of Aegina described surgical techniques for treatment of broken vertebrae by removing bone fragments, as well as surgery to relieve pressure on the spine. Spinal cord tumors. Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality, Conus medullaris and cauda equina syndromes, sfn error: no target: CITEREFField-Fote (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPeitzmanFabianRhodes2012 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMarxWallsHockberger2013 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCameronJelinek2014 (, "Spinal Cord Injury Facts and Figures at a Glance", "Toward Functional Restoration of the Central Nervous System: A Review of Translational Neuroscience Principles", "Cell Therapy Augments Functional Recovery Subsequent to Spinal Cord Injury under Experimental Conditions", "Current trends in spinal cord injury repair", "Standard Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury", "Spinal cord injury medicine. The area of skin innervated by a specific spinal nerve is called a dermatome, and the group of muscles innervated by a single spinal nerve is called a myotome. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Back Backbone Rachis Spinal Column Spine Vertebral Column : کمر Kamar : the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord. Accessed Oct. 19, 2017. [126], Although life expectancy has improved with better care options, it is still not as good as the uninjured population. So if you encounter any problem in our translation service please feel free to correct it at the spot. [21] Forces involved can be hyperflexion (forward movement of the head); hyperextension (backward movement); lateral stress (sideways movement); rotation (twisting of the head); compression (force along the axis of the spine downward from the head or upward from the pelvis); or distraction (pulling apart of the vertebrae). Cannot breathe without mechanical ventilation, Difficulty coughing, may need help clearing secretions, Paralysis of the wrist flexors, triceps, and hands, Some hand muscle weakness, difficulty grasping and releasing, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 00:57. [68], In the US, Motor vehicle accidents are the most common cause of SCIs; second are falls, then violence such as gunshot wounds, then sports injuries. [29] Causes include tumors, physical trauma, and ischemia.

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