uk laws on gender equality

UK Sex and Gender Legislation Summary Within the UK legislation exists to protect both women and men in the following situations: Discrimination against an individual with regards to their marital status Gender reassignment The right for both sexes to have equal pay Immediate, short term dependant care leave Pensions equality Maternity and parental leave Paternity and adoption […] In October 2017, Theresa May urged small firms to publish details of gender pay in a bid to close the gap. [5] The Sex Discrimination (Gender Reassignment) Regulations 1999 extended the existing Sex Discrimination Act, and made it illegal to discriminate against any person on the grounds of gender reassignment, but only in the areas of employment and vocational training. In the 1980s and 1990s, the pressure group, Press for Change, campaigned in support for transgender and transsexual people to be allowed to marry,[21] and helped take several cases to the European Court of Human Rights. They also want to introduce measures that would clarify protections from discrimination in education, certain kinds of employment, and medical insurance.[20]. The legislation bans the unfair treatment of employees and helps achieve equal opportunities in the workplace - yet still women are earning less than men. The Prime Minister said a “step change” was needed, following news that large companies will be required to release this information by March 2018. The legislation also does not restore any of the marriages of transgender people that were forcibly annulled as a precondition for them securing a GRC; a GRC will not be issued unless the spouse of the transgender person has consented. They must first have their marriage dissolved, gain legal recognition of the new gender and then register for a civil partnership. In 2008, the Sex Discrimination (Amendment of Legislation) Regulations extended existing regulation to outlaw discrimination when providing goods or services to transsexual people. If the person's birth or adoption was registered in the United Kingdom, they may also be issued a new birth certificate after their details have been entered onto the Gender Recognition Register. Gender equality at every tage. It maps some of the key policies with relevance to equality for and between women and men, boys and girls including: UK Government policies, public consultations and parliamentary inquiries; Civil society initiatives and research The Equal Pay Act was introduced by the UK Parliament in 1970 in a bid to combat the divide and was superseded by the Equality Act in 2010. However, civil partnerships continue where only both parties change their gender simultaneously and wish to remain in their civil partnership. The gender pay gap in the UK is currently estimated at 17% (PwC). The government said the new law was part of a longer term scheme to support women in the workplace, including investing £5m to help parents return to work, providing 30 hours of free childcare, and introducing shared parental leave. Over the last 50 years, gender equality has transformed our society. Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). This restriction remains as, effectively, it would legalise a small category of opposite-sex civil partnerships. The Equality Act 2010 prohibits discrimination against people with the protected characteristic of gender reassignment in the provision of separate and single-sex services but includes an exception that service providers can use in exceptional circumstances. How do equal pay laws work - and why is there still a gender pay gap? Since the Gender Recognition Act 2004, transgender people who are married have been required to divorce or annul their marriage in order for them to be issued with a Gender Recognition Certificate (GRC). After a 2002 ruling by the European Court of Human Rights against the United Kingdom (UK) government, however, Parliament passed the Gender Recognition Act of 2004 to allow people to apply to change their legal gender, though the process was formalised, including the addition of a fee and the submission of medical evidence to a panel in order to obtain a gender recognition certificate. The main changes are as follows: Taken from the Equality Challenge Unit (ECU) web site, The above changes only apply to employment matters and vocational training. It replaces previous anti-discrimination legislation with a single law to make it easier for people to understand and comply with. [16] Protection against discrimination by association with a transsexual person is also included. The Sun website is regulated by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). Equality Duty now also covers age, gender reassignment, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion - including lack of belief - sex, sexual orientation and marriage and civil partnership. and the Paternity and Adoption Leave (Amendment) Regulations (2006), Applications, offers, acceptances and registrations: 2018-19 entrants, Discrimination against an individual with regards to their marital status, The right for both sexes to have equal pay, Immediate, short term dependant care leave, a new definition of indirect sex discrimination in employment matters and vocational training, new provisions prohibiting harassment of a sexual nature or on the grounds of sex, a provision specifically stating that less favourable treatment of women on grounds of pregnancy or maternity leave is unlawful sex discrimination, the extension of SDA protection to people who work overseas for a British employer, clarification of the responsibilities of those who provide vocational training and extension of the protection to cover vocational guidance and unpaid practical work experience, introduction of an 8 week response time by the employer to a statutory questionnaire, a change to the current exception in the SDA that allowed an employer to refuse to offer a particular job to someone planning or undergoing gender reassignment. Transgender people were once able to have their identity documents informally amended to reflect their gender identity; however, following a ruling in 1970, this practice was ended, leaving transgender people with no way of amending their gender for a little over three decades. This is an improvement, down from 28 per cent in 1993 and 23 per cent in 2003, though campaigners say there's still a long way to go. higher qualifications than men, but earn less per hour. The Rt Hon Penny . If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this. The Maternity and Parental Leave etc. But on average women still earn about 18 per cent less per hour than men. But how do equal pay laws work - and are they different to the gender pay gap? For further details of our complaints policy and to make a complaint please click here. Various laws within the United Kingdom refer to identity documents, marriage rights, and anti-discrimination measures used by or pertaining to transgender people, in the areas of employment, education, housing and social services, amongst others. On 11 July 2002, in Goodwin & I v United Kingdom, (a.k.a. Transgender rights in the United Kingdom have been gaining ground since the 1990s, with the granting of rights and protection to the transgender community. Anti-discrimination measures protecting transgender people have existed in the UK since 1999, and were strengthened in the 2000s to include anti-harassment wording. Companies with over 250 employees must publish the gender pay and gender bonus data of both males and females on the pay roll. For more information or to change your cookie settings, see our Cookie Policy more information Accept. Regulations (1999), The Maternity and Parental Leave (Amendment) Regulations (2002), The Paternity and Adoption Leave Regulations (2002), The Employment Equality (Sex Discrimination) Regulations (2005), The Maternity and Parental Leave etc. However, such surgery will be accepted as part of the supporting evidence for a case where it has taken place. [27], Rights of transgender people in the United Kingdom, Situation since the Gender Recognition Act 2004, Summary by legal jurisdiction and territory, Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003, Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008, Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008, Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014, Northern Ireland (Executive Formation etc) Act 2019, National AIDS Trust v NHS Service Commissioning Board, MSM activity made legal (England & Wales), "Government Policy concerning Transsexual People", "Greens to launch LGBT general election manifesto", "Green Party leader to speak out against 'spousal veto' at PinkNews Debate panel", "Green Party wants every teacher to be trained to teach LGBTIQ issues", "Legal gender recognition in the EU: the journeys of trans people towards full equality", "Analysis of the responses to the Gender Recognition Act (2004) consultation", "Changes to gender recognition laws ruled out", "Legal Recognition For People Who Do Not Associate With A Particular Gender", "Community Post: UK Govt Asked To Recognise Non-Binary Gender", "Government claims there will be 'social consequences' if trans people can pick their legal gender", "The Trans Inquiry Report: A Non-Binary Summary", "Services, Public functions and Associations: Statutory Code of Practice | Equality and Human Rights Commission", "Providing services for transgender customers: a guide", "Transgender people should not have right to use women-only spaces, government says", "British transsexuals to get right to get married", "Case Law - Trans Related cases in the European Court of Human Rights", "Scottish parliamentary committee votes to remove spousal veto from equal marriage bill", "The quest for trans rights has exposed a deep divide in the UK.

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