Naamathite - Faussets Bible Dictionary . Such a man may prosper temporarily but then will inevitably “suck the poison of asps” (20:16) and find that “the earth will rise up against him” (20:27). Described in the Septuagint as “King of the Minaeans.”. We read of Zophar the Naamathite, Job 2: 11. His dogmatism, however, rested upon what he thought he knew. Hebrew Bible, collection of writings that was first compiled and preserved as the sacred books of the Jewish people. He advocated good living. Naamathite (na'-a-ma-thit) is the Gentile name and Old Testament designation given to Zophar, one of Job's three friends (Job 2:11; 11:1 ; 20:1 ; 42:9), from a city called Naamah, perhaps in Arabia.. References This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). He suggests that Job's suffering could be divine punishment, and goes into great detail about the consequences of living a life of sin. Zophar, also spelled Sophar, in the Book of Job (2:11, 11:1, 20:1, 42:9), one of the three comforters of Job, a biblical archetype of the good man whose misfortunes are undeserved. A brief treatment of the Hebrew Bible follows. Zophar. A Naamathite, third in order of Job’s friends (Job 2:11; 11:1; 20:1; 42:9). ( Job 2:11; 11:1; 20:1; 42:9) There is no other trace of this name in the Bible, and the town whence it is derived is unknown. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. Zophar the Naamathite is one of the three (and later four) friends who discuss with the unfortunate Job the finer points of righteousness and divine intervention (Job 2:11).. Bildad the Shuhite is the symbol of human tradition or philosophy. In 2:11 he is identified as a Naamathite, or one who dwells in Naamah, perhaps a region in Arabia. If Job would only turn from his sin and sincerely repent, then God would pardon and restore him. With forcible language, Zophar declared that suffering is judgment warning the sinner to repent and escape heavier punishment. Unlike the other two comforters, Zophar does not have a third speech, and some commentators have concluded that parts of Job’s speeches constitute this third reply. The Alphabetical Order of All Men Named in The Bible. ). It also constitutes a large portion of the Christian Bible. Of all forms of dogmatism this is most irreverent, and least open to reason.” Self-effort or human merit can never satisfy God or produce a rightousness pleasing to Him. In Judaism the Hebrew Bible is not only the primary text of instruction for a moral life but also the historical record of God’s promise, first articulated in his covenant with Abraham, to consider the Jews…. So he called on poor Job to prepare his heart (Job 11:13). Like the other two comforters, Bildad and Eliphaz, Zophar emphasizes an old Hebrew concept—suffering is the inevitable lot of the evil man; therefore, Job’s protests of innocence are deceptive, even sinful. Does Yemen take its name from the Arabic word meaning "northerly?" Zophar the Naamathite is the symbol of human merit or moral law. He is the most impetuous and dogmatic of the three. Zophar is portrayed as more hotheaded than his two friends. For full treatment, see biblical literature. Zophar himself erred in that he presumed to know all about God and pleaded the worth of human merit in His sight. Zophar last appears in verse 9, where we find him offering the sacrifices God had required: “So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went and did what the LORD had told them.” Despite his bad advice and his inaccurate portrayal of God, Zophar repented when rebuked by God and was forgiven. Zophar of Naamah (Josh. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Sort through the facts in this quiz of Syria, Iraq, and other countries of the Middle East. 15:41) had a name suggestive of his manner. Controlling his disturbance, he then harangues Job about the evanescence of the evil man’s pleasure. His comments can be found in Job chapter 11 and 20. In its general framework, the…, Old Testament, the Hebrew Bible as interpreted among the various branches of Christianity. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It comes from a root meaning “to twitter,” and one of his faults was he dealt with profound things in a more lighthearted, flippant way than his two companions. His comments can be found in Job chapter 11 and 20. Fretelius says there was a Naamath in Uz. Omissions? In the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Book of Job (c. 6th century BCE? Zophar is the first to accuse Job directly of wickedness; averring indeed that his punishment is too good for him (Job 11:6), he rebukes Job's impious presumption in trying to find out the unsearchable secrets of God (Job 11:7-12); and yet, like the rest of the friends, promises peace and restoration on condition of penitence and putting away iniquity (Job 11:13 - 19). Naamathite - Hawker Poor Man Commentary Dictionary . , Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zophar&oldid=958127999, Articles needing additional references from September 2012, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 May 2020, at 02:28. Zophar of Naamah (Josh. Job’s cries for his friends’ mercy and the force of some of his arguments have upset Zophar. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Is the literacy rate in Afghanistan very high? Corrections? render here "king of the Mineans" = Ma'in, Maonites, Judges 10:12, in Southern Arabia).He is called a Naamathite, or an inhabitant of some unknown place called Naamah. (But as Uz was in Arabia, probably the Naamah where he lived was on the Arabian borders of Syria.) 15:41) had a name suggestive of his manner. The name Naamathite looks like an ethnonym, which is a word that describes where someone is from. From some Arabic place.
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